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What are the Requirements to Become a Librarian?
Working as a librarian means much more than cataloguing and returning books. It also involves strong research skills, customer service abilities, and purchasing and managing library inventory. On a daily basis, librarians assist individuals with identifying and locating materials from books and journal articles to Internet sources or archived documents. They also acquire materials for the library as well as maintain the collections and catalogues of those collections, which include periodicals, videos, as well as books. The use of technology is an ever-increasing skill for librarians, as what was once catalogued on paper is now kept electronically.
A librarian also works closely with people, developing and administering community education programs as well as working with patrons and co-workers. Advanced positions require you to oversee the management and planning of libraries, public relations, fundraising, and maintaining and or reducing budgets.
Requirements to Become a Librarian
Becoming a librarian requires a minimum of a bachelor's degree, and many positions require a master's degree in library sciences. Working in a public school library also requires state licensure. Any undergraduate major can suffice, but you must earn your master's degree from a program accredited by the American Library Association. Curricula typically include the foundation of library and information sciences, selection and processing of materials, organization, research methods, and on-line reference systems. Elective courses can include resources for children or young adults, cataloguing, indexing, and library administration.
A PhD in library information science is required for top administrative positions. Licensure is required by most states to work for public schools or local libraries. Half of the states require that librarians hold teacher's certifications, and some states require comprehensive assessments.
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